Background: It is unclear how rural occupations and lifestyles may play a role in shaping physical activity and diet behaviors that contribute to the rural—urban obesity disparity. Methods: Data come from the prospective and observational South Dakota Rural Bone Health Study, which included adults aged 20—66 years in three groups: 1 non-rural non-Hutterite, 2 rural non-Hutterite, and 3 rural Hutterite. Physical activity data were collected using 7-day physical activity questionnaires, and hours per day in physical activity categories are reported. Mixed models were generated to determine group differences in physical activity and diet outcomes, and marginal group means are presented. Results: Among females, both rural groups spent more time in moderate activity 4. Hutterite females spent fewer hours in moderate activity 2. Hutterite females consumed more fruits 2.
Transportation, food processing, modes of shopping, and home food storage likely all contribute to both NH populations having the same access to, and ultimately consumption of, most food groups. Those pursuing research on AIDS realized the many benefits of focusing international attention on international problems [ 11 ]. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. At this time there is no reason to believe that changing one of these behaviors is easier than changing the other, nor that any synergy can be attained by changing both together. Health Promot. Moderation means eating a little of everything but nothing in excess. Materials and Methods 2. Similar to physical activity, diet patterns have been assessed in a variety of specific rural subpopulations [ 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34 ]. The FFQs were processed by the publisher, and daily servings of individual foods were calculated from responses and summed across food groups, per FFQ documentation [ 38 ]. Other variables have been demonstrated to moderate the effects of change programs, e. American Journal of Public Health.
Moreover, serving size or its appropriate equivalent for recommended intake was not always captured. Recent Posts. Free trade policies across national boundaries have been advocated to enhance commerce and the generation of wealth, but with as yet unknown influences on diet, physical activity or health. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. Across all three groups and among both females and males, NH Rural individuals consumed the most calories. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Non-Rural Large cross-sectional studies indicate that rural populations have higher levels of physical inactivity than urban populations [ 2, 22, 23 ]. Department of Health and Human Services.